What do you need to know about embryo transfer procedures and their types?
During IVF, the woman's eggs are removed from the ovaries and then fertilized with sperm in a controlled environment. When you visit the best IVF centre in Punjab, the fertility expert will make you aware in-depth about the treatment. During IVF, the last step is embryo transfer. The fertility medications are used which helps in stimulating the ovaries and then the healthy eggs are released. The gynecologist in Punjab will strategize the treatment for you as per your condition.
When is the need to perform embryo transfer?
In case, natural fertilization is not possible, then embryo transfer is considered. Some of the added reasons are:
If the ovulation is not regular or frequent then fertilization will have trouble.
Damaged fallopian tube
The fallopian tubes are an important passageway to reach the uterus. If the tubes are scarred or damaged, then the egg won’t safely reach the womb.
Endometriosis is the condition in which the uterus implants and is outside the uterus. This affects the way the female reproductive system works.
Premature ovarian failure
If the ovaries fail, then the natural amount of estrogen or release eggs.
Fibroids are benign tumors and these are small in size. If this problem happens then it affects the egg's ability to stay in the uterus.
Impaired sperm production
If the sperm production is low, sperm movement is poor, semen abnormalities or testes are damaged, which causes problems with fertilization.
2 to 3 days before embryo transfer, the doctor will choose the best quality eggs so that they can be transferred to the womb. Different processes are available to select the embryo. The most beneficial egg is selected through metabolomic profiling and it will depend on different factors. If good quality embryos are developed and then they will not be transferred, instead they will be frozen.
Embryo transfer process
The embryo transfer is kind of the same as a pap smear. The vaginal wall is opened by inserting the speculum. Ultrasound is done to do everything with accuracy and the catheter is inserted through the cervix which reaches the womb area. This process will not result in pain and the use of sedatives is not needed.
After the embryo transfer
You need to visit for a follow-up appointment 2 weeks later to check whether the embryo is implanted in its place or not. Following the procedure, you are going to experience bloating, cramping, and vaginal discharge.
Fresh embryo transfer
Frozen embryo transfer
Blastocyst embryo transfer
Assisted hatching (AH)
How many embryos are transferred?
Still, there are differences regarding the total number of embryos that can be transferred. Although some doctors suggest transferring 2 embryos for increasing the chances of conception. If the woman is under the age of 35, then the doctor will suggest just using one embryo.
- Embryo transfer procedures, fertility medications are used which helps in stimulating the ovaries and then the healthy eggs are released.